All floor coverings presented in hardware stores have different properties and characteristics. Some thanks to their water resistance can be used in the kitchen and bathroom, others require delicate care and are suitable only for living rooms.
Modern floor coverings are made of extremely diverse materials: wood, natural and artificial stone, plastic, rubber and cork. Do not forget also about carpeting.
A wide choice means wide opportunities – now you can find suitable flooring within any budget and for any purpose. Linoleum and laminate as well as some types of carpet coverings are inexpensive. Synthetic stone and wood will cost more, and floor coverings made of natural stone and precious wood usually belong to the premium class. However, this division is conditional, since everything depends on the manufacturer and the technologies involved in the production process.
Some types of flooring are supplied in rolls – such as, first of all, include linoleum and carpet.
Perhaps this is the most common floor covering – practicality and low price make it very popular. Modern technologies make it possible to create linoleum with very spectacular patterns that copy wood or tile in detail. Some believe that linoleum looks cheap, but this is true only for the most inexpensive species.
In order for linoleum to serve for a long time, it must be laid on a special pad, but otherwise the installation is very simple. It can be used even where the floor is not perfectly even. Linoleum is waterproof, it is easy to clean, insects and fungus are not afraid of it, and the wear resistance of linoleum is very high – a quality floor covering of this type can last 20 years or more. The disadvantages of inexpensive types of linoleum include not very good resistance to temperature extremes, and you cannot call it an environmentally friendly material.
Carpet is a rolled carpet of natural or artificial fibers. It consists of several layers – latex, base and nap lining. Sometimes a third felt layer is added – such coatings are thicker and softer, and it is more pleasant to walk on them. Carpet provides good sound and heat insulation, as well as a variety of design options. The main disadvantage of the carpet is the need to regularly clean it with a vacuum cleaner. In addition, some types of coatings fade in the sun.
Practical, durable and aesthetic roll coating consisting of bulk fibers, firmly connected to a highly elastic bottom base. Artificial grass is divided into two types: decorative (or artificial turf) and sports.
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Artificial turf can be used as a covering on the lawn near the house, in the winter garden or on the balcony. It is usually fixed around the perimeter with the help of corners or baseboards. If we are talking about large areas, staples are used. It should be noted that a material with drainage properties is used for outdoor flooring. “Sports” artificial grass, in addition to the fact that it passes moisture, has a high wear resistance. This covering is suitable for football fields and golf courses, tennis, badminton. High-quality artificial grass can last up to 15 years.
Nothing gives the room such comfort as natural wood. Its color and texture look great in any interior.
The parquet board consists of three layers – lower and middle – from coniferous wood, and the surface – from fine veneer of valuable wood species – beech, oak, walnut and others. This is a relatively inexpensive option for flooring, although some of its types, especially decorated with expensive wood, can cost a lot. Its service life is up to 20 years, of course, with proper care. The floorboard is placed on a polyethylene substrate by the adhesive and glueless method. Both methods require special knowledge and skills.
This is a natural and eco-friendly flooring with good thermal insulation properties. It is easy to care for him, besides, in the process of operation, it can be slightly updated with the help of polishing – this is allowed once in several years.
Classic noble parquet looks expensive and solid. However, it is really not cheap. Piece parquet is made from a single piece of wood, it consists of small dies, which allows it to be used in rooms with a complex layout. The variety of parquet depends on the quality of the tree – the less chips, cavities and other defects, the better and, therefore, more expensive. However, even imperfect wood gives the interior a special “rustic” charm and is often used by designers.
Parquet is very difficult to install, but at the same time durable. In theory, it can serve for decades. So that over time the parquet will not lose its appearance, it is required to take care of it. The parquet is not waterproof, so you can only wash it with a damp cloth or a soft bristle brush. Every few years, polishing and re-coating with special oil or varnish is required, and the oil coating needs to be renewed approximately once a year.
Like parquet, the board is an absolutely eco-friendly floor covering that will last you 30-40 years or more. The board has a good heat and sound insulation, if you lay it on a plywood strip. It is simpler to mount a board than parquet, however this process still requires high professionalism. It is necessary to care for a massive board as well as behind a parquet.
The unique properties of cork bark have been used in the manufacture of flooring. Cork is an environmentally friendly material with exceptionally high noise and thermal insulation properties. It is simple to care for the cork coating; it is enough to wipe it with a rag or to vacuum it. The cork has a spongy structure that provides unsurpassed plasticity – no trace of heavy furniture is left on such floors. The same quality makes cork floors indispensable for people who have problems with the musculoskeletal system – cork flooring has good cushioning qualities, reducing the load on the spine and joints. In addition, it is not slippery. And finally, he is not threatened by insects – borer bugs are not interested in cork coverings.
However, cork flooring has its drawbacks – it is not waterproof and relatively easy to tear, for example, with a sharp heel.
This coating is almost universal due to the variety of materials used in its production, ease of installation and use in rooms with any geometry. Modular coatings are used in residential areas, such as children’s rooms, and commercial, including in industrial enterprises.
PVC modular coatings
Modular PVC flooring comes in the form of tiles of different sizes. It can imitate any texture – wood, stone, ceramics. This coating is durable, not afraid of moisture, insects, cold and heat, it is easy to wash and stack – even a novice can handle installation of small tiles. Moreover – the modular flooring can be dismantled and then put back – for example, when moving or repair work.
Carpet tiles are very similar to carpet in their properties, but much more comfortable. Who has not encountered the problem of stains that can not be removed? Sometimes dirt or damage to the carpet forces the owners to change it completely, whereas with carpet tiles you don’t have to spend so much – just replace one module. Installation of carpet tiles is also not difficult – it is much easier to lay small square tiles than one-piece wide and heavy cloth. A relatively high price of carpet tiles is compensated by a small amount of waste, even in the case when the room has a very complex shape.
Not without reason, the well-known laminate made a serious competition to linoleum. Even the most low-priced brands of laminate look good, and the laminated flooring of the middle class imitates wood so authentically that many cannot distinguish it from a real solid wood board. Laminate is a HDF board with a layer of moisture-proof film. On top of the slab is placed a decorative layer of paper with a pattern, and to protect against damage, each floorboard is covered with a laminating film – a very strong material that can withstand heavy loads. The maximum load depends on the class – the lowest, 31, suitable only for rooms that are used very rarely, 32 class is suitable for rooms with medium traffic, and 33 and 34 – where the floor load is high.
Laying laminate is easy, it is a clean process that does not require the use of glue – the boards are simply held together by a “groove-comb” system. High-quality laminate is relatively cheap, is not afraid of water, fire and temperature changes, does not scratch and does not wear out, it is easy to wash it and it lasts long enough – about 10 years.